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The Data

The Exposing Extremism in Elections data set includes a list of candidates running for public office who our research indicates have ties to extremist groups or ideologies. This data set provides an easy and accessible way to research and explore candidates and their ties to such extremism.

Data Set

The data on this page is for candidates running in the 2022 primary elections in Texas and North Carolina with apparent ties to, or sympathies toward, extremist groups or ideologies. This is not an exhaustive list, but rather a collection of candidates who stood out for having such ties or sympathies. The SPLC Action Fund plans to release a full dataset in the coming months with information on extremist-tied candidates in electoral races across the country in 2022.

 

》Download the 2022 Data Set《


GUIDE TO USING THE DATA SET AND CODE BOOK

Sources and Methodology

The Intelligence Project team used a standardized method to identify and compile the information in the Exposing Extremism in Elections data sets. The information comes from open source materials and tips submitted to the Intelligence Project by the general public and verified by our researchers. The candidate and election information available in the data sets was collected from publicly available election resources.

The candidates identified in these data sets as having extremist ties came to the Intelligence Project’s attention during its regular monitoring and research of extremist groups and individuals. Once a candidate was identified as having potential ties to extremism, research analysts on the Intelligence Project team conducted further investigation into the nature of the candidate’s associations. Based on the evidence collected, the Intelligence Project team determined whether the candidate’s extremist affiliations met the definition of one of five “relationship type” categories:

  • Leader: The candidate is a known leader of an extremist group, chapter or ideological movement.
  • Member: The candidate is a known member of an extremist group, chapter or ideological movement.
  • Former Member: The candidate is a known former member of an extremist group, chapter or ideological movement (NOTE: This does not refer to reformed extremists).
  • Ideological: The candidate is not known to be a member or leader of an extremist group, chapter or ideological movement but their platform, rhetoric and/or behavior demonstrates agreement or alignment with specific extremist ideologies.
  • Transactional: The candidate is not known to be a member or leader of an extremist group, chapter or ideological movement and does not have any known extremist views or ideologies; however, the candidate has engaged with an extremist group or ideological movement, potentially to benefit from this association (e.g., to gain votes).

These categories were created by the Intelligence Project team to describe the quality of the candidate’s association with extremism. If a candidate met the threshold for one of the five relationship categories, they were included in the data set; if they did not meet the threshold for one of these categories, they were excluded from the data set.

The Intelligence Project team engaged in a peer-review process to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information presented in the Exposing Extremism in Elections data sets.

Additional Resources, Materials and Tools

In addition to the information on extremist-tied candidates, the Exposing Extremism in Elections project also offers supplementary materials and tools, including:

Disclaimer

The SPLC Action Fund does not endorse the viewpoints or vouch for the accuracy of materials or reports that are not its own.

Sources

The SPLC Action Fund used information previously compiled by Ballotpedia and Media Matters to prepare this report.

Past Data Sets

2020